TMJ Treatment

TMJ is the joint that connects the lower and upper jaw. The term TMJ stands for Temporo-mandibular Joint. This is one of the most complex joints in the entire body, capable of forward and backward movement, rotations, and side-to-side movements. TMJ often refers to complications and problems with this joint. Some of the most common symptoms of TMJ problems are:

  • Pain
  • Limited movement of the lower jaw
  • Clicking sounds
  • Muscle spasms
  • Locking of the jaw

Some potential causes of the disease include genetics, hormones, low-level infections, auto-immune diseases, trauma, and clenching or grinding of the teeth. Diagnosis and evaluation of such conditions are performed by dentists experienced in TMJ problems and treatments. Some common treatments are Night Guards, Bite Guards, and Bite Adjustments.

Normal TMJ

Here we see the Tempromandibular joint functioning normally. As the jaw opens the condyle of the mandible or lower jaw slides effortlessly along a small articular disk. Allowing a smooth fluid movement.

TMJ With Reduction

Temporomandibular joint disorder refers to the condition where the articular disk between the condyle of the mandible and the glenoid fossa of the maxilla does not remain in place during the movement of the jaw. Instead it is pushed in front of the condyle. With reduction means that at some point during the movement the articular disk pops back into place.

TMJ Without Reduction

Temporomandibular joint disorder refers to the condition where the articular disk between the condyle of the mandible and the glenoid fossa of the maxilla does not remain in place during the movement of the jaw. Instead it is pushed in front of the condyle. Without reduction means that the articular disk does not pop back into place at all during the movement.